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Journal articles

*denotes equal contribution or shared first authorship  


Caluori N.*, Cooley E.*, Brown-Iannuzzi J.L., Klein E., Lei R.F., Cipolli W., & Philbrook L.E. (2024). Perceptions of Falling Behind "Most White People": Within-Group Status Comparisons Predict Fewer Positive Emotions and Worse Health Over Time Among White (but Not Black) Americans. Psychological Science. doi: 10.1177/09567976231221546. [pdf]

Lei, R., Cohen, A., Wong, P., & Hudson, S. K. T. J. (2023). Investigating hair cues as a mechanism underlying Black women’s intersectional invisibility. Developmental Psychology. [pdf]

Lei, R. F., Li, N., Pham, P. T., Szanton, E. C., & Frazer-Klotz, Z. (2023). Examining Whether and How Black and Asian Parents Engage in Collective Racial Socialization. Cultural Diversity and Ethnic Minority Psychology. [pdf]

Lei, R.F., Foster-Hanson, E., & Goh, J.X. (2023). A sociohistorical model of intersectional social category prototypes. Nature Reviews Psychology. [pdf]

Cooley, E., Brown-Iannuzzi, J. L., Lei, R. F., Cipolli, W., & Philbrook, L. E. (2022). Beliefs That White People Are Poor, Above and Beyond Beliefs That Black People Are Poor, Predict White (But Not Black) Americans’ Attitudes Toward Welfare Recipients and Policy. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin. [pdf]

Lei, R.F., Frazer-Koltz, Z., & Szanton, E.C. (2022). Black-Asian solidarity through collective racial socialization. Infant and Child Development. [pdf]

Lei, R.F., Leshin, R.A., Moty, K., Foster-Hanson, E., & Rhodes, M. (in press). Race and gender bias children’s social prototypes in the United States. Journal of Experimental Psychology: General. [preprint]

Lei, R.F. & Rhodes, M. (2021). Why research on the development of social categorization needs intersectionality. Child Development Perspectives. [pdf]

Brown-Iannuzzi, J. L., Cooley, E., Marshburn, C. K., McKee, S. E., & Lei, R. F. (2021). Investigating the interplay between race, work ethic stereotypes, and attitudes toward welfare recipients and policies. Social Psychological and Personality Science. [pdf]


Cone, J., Brown-Iannuzzi, J. L., Lei, R., & Dotsch, R. (2020). Type I error is inflated in the two-phase reverse correlation procedure. Social Psychological and Personality Science.[pdf]


Cooley, E., Brown-Iannuzzi, J. L., Lei, R. F., Philbrook, L. E., Cipolli, W., & McKee, S. E. (2020). Investigating the health consequences for White Americans who believe White Americans are wealthy. Social Psychological and Personality Science. [pdf]


Petsko, C. D., Lei, R. F., Kunst, J. R., Bruneau, E., & Kteily, N. (2020). Blatant dehumanization in the mind’s eye: Prevalent even among those who explicitly reject it? Journal of Experimental Psychology: General. [pdf]

Lei, R.F., Leshin, R., & Rhodes, M. (2020). The Development of intersectional social prototypes. Psychological Science. [pdf]

Jaxon, J.*, Lei, R.F.*, Chestnut, E.K., Sachnai, R., & Cimpian, A. (2019). The Acquisition of Gender Stereotypes about Intellectual Ability: Intersections with Race. Journal of Social Issues.  [pdf]      

Lei, R.F., Green, E., Leslie, S-J., & Rhodes, M. (2019). Children lose confidence in their potential to “be scientists”, but not in their capacity to “do science”. Developmental Science.  [pdf]


Cooley, E., Brown-Iannuzzi, J.L., Lei, R.F., & Cipolli, W.  (2019). Complex intersections of race and class: Among social liberals, learning about White privilege reduces sympathy, increases blame, and decreases external attributions for White people struggling with poverty. Journal of Experimental Psychology: General.   [pdf]


Perszyk, D.*, Lei, R.F.*, Bodenhausen, G.V., Richeson, J.A., & Waxman, S. (2019). Social attitudes in preschool-aged children: Bias at the intersection of race and gender. Developmental Science, 22(e12788), [pdf]


Cooley, E., Lei, R.F., Brown-Iannuzzi, J.I., & Ellerkamp, T. (2019). Personal prejudice, other guilt: Negative affect toward Black people predicts guilty verdicts for White officers who kill Black men. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin.


Chestnut, E.K., Lei, R.F., Leslie, S.J., & Cimpian, A. (2018). The myth that only brilliant people are good at math and its implications for diversity. Education Sciences, 8(2), 65.


Cooley, E., Lei, R.F., Ellerkamp, T, & D’Alessio, G. (2018). The mixed outcomes of taking ownership for implicit racial biases. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin.


Lei, R.F., & Bodenhausen, G.V. (2018). Economic instability selectively disadvantages female (but not male) political candidates.  Analyses of Social Issues and Public Policy.  [pdf]


Silberzahn R., Uhlmann E. L., Martin D. P., … Lei R., … & Nosek B. A. (2018). Many analysts, one dataset: Making transparent how variations in analytical choices affect results. Advances in Methods and Practices in Psychological Science.


Nelson, J. & Lei, R.F. (2018). The effects of digital platforms on news audience behavior. Digital Journalism, 6(5), 619-633.


Lei, R.F. & Bodenhausen, G.V. (2017). Racial assumptions color the mental representation of social class. Front. Psychol. 8:519. doi: 10.3389/fpsyg.2017.00519


Nelson, J., Lewis, D. & Lei, R. (2017).  Digital democracy in America: A look at civic engagement in an Internet age. Journalism and Mass Communication Quarterly, 94(1), 318-334.


Cooley, E., Payne, B.K., Loersch, C., & Lei, R. (2015). Who owns implicit attitudes? Testing a meta-cognitive perspective. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 41(1), 103-115.

Policy papers

Lei, R. & Twose, G. (2013). The psychological science on racial profiling: Implications for the End Racial Profiling Act. Society for the Psychological Study of Social Issues.  Retrieved from:


Lei, R. & Twose, G. (2013). Psychological implications of ‘Stand Your Ground’ laws.  Society for the Psychological Study of Social Issues. Retrieved from

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